An Act to provide against certain difficulties in the way of speedy acquisition of interest in land under the State Acquisition and Tenancy Act, 1950.
WHEREAS it is expedient to provide against certain difficulties created or sought to be created by certain classes of persons in the way of speedy acquisition of estates, taluks, tenures and other interests in land, under the provisions of the State Acquisition and Tenancy Act, 1950; It is hereby enacted as follows:-
1. (1) This Act may be called the 4[ * * *] Prevention of Transfer of Property and Removal of Documents and Records Act, 1952. (2) It extends to the whole of Bangladesh. (3) It shall be deemed to have come into force on the 21st day of July, 1951.
2. In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,- (a) “Collector” means the Collector of a district and includes 1[ * * *] such other officers not below the rank of a Deputy Collector as may be appointed by the Government to discharge all or any of the functions of a Collector under this Act; (b) “cutchery building” means a building or part of a building which, on the 16th May, 1951, or thereafter, was or is used primarily as office or cutchery for the management including collection of rents and cesses of any estate, taluk, or tenure or as the residence of staff employed in such management, with the land under it and necessary adjuncts thereto; (c) “transfer” means transfer by private sale, exchange, lease, gift, mortgage or charge; and (d) all other words and expressions used in this Act and in the 2[ * * *] State Acquisition and Tenancy Act, 1950, shall have the same meanings as in that Act.
3. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force or in any contract, no person shall transfer, without the previous permission of the Collector in writing,- (i) any cutchery building; or (ii) any land contiguous to any cutchery building which, on the 16th May, 1951, lay vacant and was not used for agricultural purposes; or (iii) any vacant land situated within any hat or bazar. (2) Every transfer made in contravention of sub-section (1) shall be null and void.
4. (1) Any cutchery building or land as is referred to in sub-section (1) of section 3, if transferred by any person between the 16th day of May, 1951, and the 21st day of July, 1951, shall, notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force or in any contract, be deemed to have been re-transferred to such person on the 21st day of July, 1951. (2) The transferor in respect of such transfer shall be liable to refund to the transferee or his successor-in-interest, the consideration of such transfer; and the amount or value of such consideration shall, on an application of the transferee or his successor-in-interest to the Collector within two years from the 21st day of July, 1951, be recoverable from such transferor as a public demand.
5. (1) No rent-receiver shall, after the coming into force of this Act, remove or cause to be removed any document or record relating to any estate, taluk, or tenure, to any place outside Bangladesh, or destroy or cause to be destroyed such document or record. (2) If any document or record as aforesaid has been removed by any rent-receiver before the commencement of this Act to any place outside the Bangladesh, the Collector may serve an order on such rent-receiver directing him to bring back such document or record to Bangladesh within the time specified in such order. (3) For the purpose of inspection of any document or record relating to any estate, taluk, or tenure, it shall be lawful for the Collector or any officer authorised by him in writing, to enter into or upon any cutchery building or premises, where the Collector or such officer has reason to believe that such document or record has been kept: Provided that no such entry shall be made between sunset and sunrise and without giving two hours' notice to the rent-receiver concerned of his intention to do so. (4) Before entering into or upon any cutchery building or premises under the provisions of sub-section (3), the Collector or any officer authorised by him may issue a direction upon the rent-receiver to inform him in writing, within the time specified in such direction, the place where such document or record has been kept.
6. (1) If any person has transferred any cutchery building or land in contravention of sub-section (1) of section 3, the Collector may impose on him a fine which may extend to twice the value or amount of the consideration for such transfer and may also pass an order forfeiting such Cutchery building or land to the Government. (2) If any rent-receiver has removed or destroyed or caused to be removed or destroyed any document or record in contravention of sub-section (1) of section 5, or fails to comply with an order under sub-section (2) of that section, the Collector may impose on him a fine which may extend to ten thousand 1[ taka]. (3) The fine imposed under this section shall be recoverable as a public demand. (4) When the Collector has passed an order under sub-section (1) forfeiting any cutchery building or land to the Government, it shall be lawful for him to take actual possession thereof, and in doing so, he may use or cause to be used such force as may be necessary.
7. (1) An appeal against any order passed by the Collector under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) of section 6, if presented within thirty days from the date of the order appealed against, shall lie to the 1[ Commissioner of Division]. 2[ (2) If no appeal has been preferred under sub-section (1), the Government may, at any time, of its own motion, revise any order passed by the Collector under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) of section 6.] 3[ (2a)The Government may, of its own motion or on application of the aggrieved person made within thirty days from the date of the order, revise any order passed by the 4[ Board of Land Administration] on appeal under sub-section (1).] 5[ (3) An order of the Government passed under sub-section (2) or sub-section (2a) shall be final.]
8. Any person empowered to perform any function under this Act shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of section 21 of the 1[ * * *] Penal Code.
9. (1) No suit or legal proceeding shall lie against the Government in respect of anything which is, in good faith, done or intended to be done under this Act. (2) No suit, prosecution or legal proceeding shall lie against any person in respect of anything which is, in good faith, done or intended to be done under this Act.
10. [Repeal and saving.- Omitted by section 3 and the Second Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973).]
11. The Government may make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Act.